MORTALITY SELECTION IN THE PAST: THE CASE OF XIX CENTURY VENETO.
In Veneto mortality during the first year of life was about 350‰ in the period 1780-1830. This was among the highest levels of infant mortality recorded for Europe at the time. In the Habsburg Empire of the mid-1800s there was a kind of compensation between early infant mortality and mortality in the following months, what we describe as the prevalence of positive selection. In this work using micro-data characterized by broad internal mortality differences during the demographic transition, it will be tested whether children who survived high mortality risks during the first three months of life (early infant mortality) had a higher or a lower probability of surviving during the following months until the age of 5 years old.