Speakers

Keynote Speaker

Emilio Zagheni

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock

SESSION 1

Population dynamics and the Digital Revolution

Isabelle Séguy

Institut national d’études démographiques, Paris

SESSION 2

New data and results in paleodemography

Tomáš Sobotka

Vienna Institute of Demography, Wien

SESSION 3

Low fertility is not a destiny. Trends, determinants and policies

Luciana Quaranta

University of Lund

SESSION 4

Life-course long term effects of childhood: selection and scarring effects

Inaki Permanyer

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

SESSION 5

Inequalities in health, longevity and healthy longevity

Guido Alfani

Bocconi University

Michael Marmot

University College London

KEYNOTE SESSION

The long history of inequalities

Melinda Mills

University of Oxford

SESSION 6

Genetic data for interpreting demographic and social behavior

Fausta Ongaro

University of Padova

SESSION 7

Uncertainty and life courses

Invited speaker

Viola Angelini

USING SIBLINGS FOR THE STUDY OF EARLY-LIFE ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF TYPE-2 DIABETES
Viola Angelini, Rob Alessie, Gerard van den Berg, Jochen Mierau e Gianmaria Niccodemi


We study the effects of economic conditions early in life on the occurrence of type-2 diabetes in adulthood using contextual economic conditions and within-sibling pair variation. We use data from Lifelines: a longitudinal cohort study and biobank including 51,270 siblings born in the Netherlands from the 1950s onward. Sibling fixed-effects account for selective fertility. To identify type-2 diabetes we use biomarkers on the hemoglobin A1c…Read the abstract

Nicola Barban

USING GENOMICS TO UNDERSTAND ETHNIC BACKGROUND AND COMMON ANCESTRY AMONG COUPLES.
Nicola Barban


The question of who marries whom is a central theme across the social sciences. The degree of marriage homogamy is a central factor to evaluate the closure of different social groups and to understand the reproduction of inequalities in modern society. Mate selection is highly structured by opportunities and exposure to potential partners individual preferences and cultural norms. We propose to use genomic data of couples to describe the…Read the abstract

Irene Barbiera

STANDARD LIFE TABLES FOR WESTERN AND SOUTHERN EUROPE FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE BLACK DEATH
Irene Barbiera, Maria Castiglioni


This paper aims to infer mortality regimes from human remains from antiquity to the Black Death in 1347-49, excavated from European cemeteries. Specifically, we: (1) move from the age distribution of deaths of a single cemetery to its death probability profile; and (2) build standard life tables deduced directly from the necropolis. We employ data from 75 cemeteries (17,107 individuals), located across a vast region covering Western and…Read the abstract

Jörg Baten

PANDEMICS, POPULATION DECLINE AND HUMAN WELFARE: A MULTIDIMENSIONAL APPROACH
Jörg Baten


Barbiera and dalla Zuana (2009) argued that the period of the Justinian plague and the following plague waves resulted in a heterogeneous welfare development in Italy: the nutritional situation was relatively favorable, but mortality was particularly high among the young (age 5-20) population, among other issues. In this overview, we support this argument for the whole European continent. We expand the multidimensional nature of the standard of living by including measures of violence of the…Read the abstract

Stefano Campostrini

HEALTH INEQUALITIES IN ITALY: THE CAUSES OF THE CAUSES
Stefano Campostrini


Italy has one of the more universal health system in the globe. Nevertheless, health inequalities are evident when one considers any health outcome. Both morbidity and mortality are much higher among the less educated – lower income part of the population. The “closer” reasons are quite clear: behavioral risk factors are much worse among this part of the population as we will…Read the abstract

Mirkka Danielsbacka

MEETING ONLINE AND FAMILY-RELATED OUTCOMES
Mirkka Danielsbacka


In recent years, the Internet has become an increasingly important venue for meeting partners. While meeting online may have a range of effects on family-related outcomes, studies on the link between meeting online and family-related outcomes are scarce. Using eight follow-up waves of the German Family Panel (pairfam), with observations from 8177 persons from three birth cohorts between 2009 and 2016, this study investigates whether meeting online is associated with relationship satisfaction, intention to separate, separation, moving in together, intentions to have a child, and entry into…Read the abstract

Andrea Ganna

GENETIC OF SAME-SEX BEHAVIOUR
Andrea Ganna


Twin and family studies have shown that same-sex sexual behavior is partly genetically influenced, but previous searches for specific genes involved have been underpowered. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on 477,522 individuals, revealing five loci significantly associated with same-sex sexual behavior. In aggregate, all tested genetic variants accounted for 8 to 25% of variation in same-sex sexual behavior, only partially overlapped between males and females, and do not allow meaningful prediction of an individual’s sexual behavior. Comparing these…Read the abstract

Jiaxin Shi 

INEQUALITIES IN RETIREMENT LIFESPAN IN THE CONTEMPORARY UNITED STATES
Jiaxin Shi, Christian Dudel, Christiaan Monden, and Alyson van Raalte


There are persistent and substantial socioeconomic disparities in remaining life expectancy at older ages. Yet how socioeconomic status plays a role in retirement lifespan has not been fully understood. This study aims to assess gender and educational differences in retirement expectancy and retirement lifespan variation, taking into account individual labor-force exit and re-entry dynamics. We analyzed the 1996–2016 Health and…Read the abstract

Ridhi Kashyap 

THE DIGITAL REVOLUTION AND GENDER EQUALITY: PERSPECTIVES FROM DIGITAL DEMOGRAPHY
Ridhi Kashyap 

The rapid proliferation of the internet and mobile phones has been one of the most significant social phenomena of the new millennium. In this talk, I will discuss the implications of this digital revolution as a social revolution for the realization of the sustainable development goals (SDGs), in particular SDG 5 on gender equality. First, I will present findings from low and middle-income countries (LMICs)…Read the abstract

Luciano Malfer

THE PRO-FAMILY POLICIES IN THE AUTONOMOUS PROVINCE OF TRENTO (ITALY)
Luciano Malfer


The birth rate of the Autonomous Province of Trento are better than the national data, but still worrying, well below the replacement of generations. In 2011 the Autonomous Province of Trento approved a law on family well-being by setting up a specific agency for the family, to create an integrated system of family policies, essentially involving all provincial…Read the abstract

Letizia Mencarini

THE GENDER OF GENDER EQUALITY: IMPLICATIONS FOR FERTILITY  
Letizia Mencarini with Samuel Plach, Arnstein Aassve, Mary C. Brinton


Gender equality represents the balance between men’s and women’s respective roles in the private and public spheres. A higher degree of gender equality, i.e. more similar gender roles, can be accomplished either through women adopting behaviors more consistent with men’s conventional role (approaching “masculine gender equality”) or by men taking on behaviors that tend to be more characteristic of women (approaching “feminine…Read the abstract

Alessandra Minello

MORTALITY SELECTION IN THE PAST: THE CASE OF XIX CENTURY VENETO.
Alessandra Minello


In Veneto mortality during the first year of life was about 350‰ in the period 1780-1830. This was among the highest levels of infant mortality recorded for Europe at the time. In the Habsburg Empire of the mid-1800s there was a kind of compensation between early infant mortality and mortality in the following months, what we describe as the prevalence of positive selection. In this work using micro-data characterized by broad internal mortality differences during the demographic transition, it will…Read the abstract

Lívia Murinkó

MARITAL INTENTIONS AND REALIZATION AROUND THE GREAT RECESSION
Lívia Murinkó


Despite the persistence of the institution of marriage, analyses on marital intentions and their realization are relatively rare, especially in an international comparison. Moreover, most studies that look into the demographic consequences of the Great Recession concentrate on behaviour (often on fertility) and only few use individual-level panel data. Previous studies found reduced marriage rates and postponement as a result of the Great Recession. However, the question still remains: how did the recession affect…Read the abstract

Harald Ringbauer

INFERRING DEMOGRAPHY FROM ANCIENT GENOMES: PROMISES AND CHALLENGES
Harald Ringbauer


The genomes of ancient humans hold rich information about human population history. Patterns of relatedness can tell us about parameters of past demography, including population sizes or individual mobility. In the last decade, the ancient DNA field has generated thousands of genome sequences of individuals who lived in the last 10,000 years. For pre-historic humans, for which little other direct evidence is available, this data has yielded new insights into past demography. Here I outline how geneticists have transferred population…Read the abstract

Fabio Saggioro

HIDDEN PAST, MICRO-HISTORY AND PROCESSES: MAN AND ENVIRONMENT FROM AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL POINT OF VIEW
Fabio Saggioro


From a methodological point of view, the lecture will show the development in recent decades of new methodologies and new approaches in archeology, useful for the knowledge of populations in the past. The study of the man-environment relationship and the distribution of anthropogenic presences over the different territories…Read the abstract

Niklas Sievers

HARNESSING DATA INNOVATION FOR MIGRATION POLICY: A PRACTITIONERS’ PERSPECTIVE
Niklas Sievers


Migration has risen as one of the most challenging issues confronting policymakers around the world. The growing complexity of internal and cross-border human mobility has pointed out the need for accurate, timely, and reliable information to develop migration policy – a need that traditional data sources are often not well-suited to meet. Such a need is also reflected in the first objective of the…Read the abstract

Maria Sironi

FERTILITY HISTORIES AND CHRONIC CONDITIONS LATER IN LIFE IN EUROPE
Maria Sironi


Understanding the association between fertility histories and health later in life is necessary in the context of ageing societies. Past literature has generally found a U-shaped relationship between parity, age at first birth, and several health-related outcomes. However, these findings differed to some extent depending on the country under analysis and on the measures of health considered. As such, using wave 3 (2008–2009) and 5 (2013) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), this…Read the abstract

Anne Solaz

UNCERTAINTY IN THE LIFE COURSE CAUSED BY DIVORCE AT LATER AGE
Anne Solaz


Twenty years ago, most people reaching age 50 had experience of just one union and celebrated their 50th birthday with their partner as part of a married couple with children. Today, the partnership trajectories of the large baby-boom cohorts who reached age 50 in the 21st century are much more diverse. With the increase in non-marital cohabitation in the 1970s, fewer couples…Read the abstract

Daniele Vignoli

ITALY’S LOWEST-LOW FERTILITY IN THE TIME OF UNCERTAINTY
Daniele Vignoli


This presentation argues that the role of uncertainty in family life courses needs to be conceptualized and operationalized taking into account that people use works of imagination, producing their own narrative of the future. These socially-constructed narratives are crucial in our understanding of family-related choices. To outline such an approach, I review contemporary drivers of Italy’s lowest-low fertility placing special emphasis to the role of uncertainty fueled by globalization, technological…Read the abstract

Virginia Zarrulli

HEALTHY LONGEVITY INEQUALITY: FIRST INSIGHTS FROM THE GLOBAL BURDEN OF DISEASE
Virginia Zarulli


Today people, on average, reach older ages in better health than what they used to do only a few decades ago, because there has been a general improvement of healthy survival and a postponement of debility. But do more individuals enjoy increasingly similar number of years of healthy life or the differences among individuals in years in good health lived has widened?

Health adjusted life expectancy (HALE) is a measure of health expectancy that…Read the abstract

Flash Talk Speaker

Rachele Brocco, “Methodological aspects of Own Children Method applied to the Italian Labour Force Survey (ISTAT) for the period 2012-2020”

Sofie Claerhout, “To connect the present with the past: The genetics behind our ancestry revealed by the human Y-chromosome”

Maria Castiglioni, “The geography of secularization and reproductive behaviour. Continuity and change in a Catholic setting (North-Eastern Italy, 1946-2008)”

Juliana Jaramillo-Echeverri, “The effects of geography and education on fertility behaviour: the case of Colombia in 1973”

Maria Francesca Morabito, “Media Narratives of the Economy and Fertility”

Marta Pasqualini, “Family Dissolution Process and Children Smoking Behaviour: What has lit the cigarette?”

Morena Tartari, “New methods to improve the study of family futures”

Daniele Vallotto, “Comparison of Venice friendship network between 18th and 19th century: a marital acts analysis”

Marco Viano, “The society of Venice during the 18th century: an analysis of marriage certificates using Bayesian models for social networks”

Davide Agnoletto, “A mortality model using Bayesian non parametrics”

Emanuele Aliverti, “Dynamic modeling of mortality via mixtures of skewed distribution functions”

Ariel Karlinski, “The World Mortality Dataset: Tracking excess mortality across countries during the COVID-19 pandemic”

Alessandro Feraldi, “Analisi dei contributi per età e cause di morte alla differenza di genere nell’aspettativa di vita attraverso l’analisi dei dati funzionali”

Sirio Legramanti, “Baysian learning and forecasting of age-specific period mortality via locally adaptive B-spline processes”

Tiziana Leone, “Biometric and biomarkers in Low and Middle Income Countries”

Andrea Nigri, “Leveraging deep neural networks to estimate age specific mortality from life expectancy at birth”

Omer Ozan Evkaya, “Nonparametric Bayesian approach for mortality curve modelling”

Eric Schneider, “The effect of nutritional status on historical infectuous disease morbidity: Evidence from the London fundling hospital, 1892-1919”

Marco Stefanucci, “Analyzing Cause Specific Mortality Trends using Compositional Functional Data Analysis”

Carolina Coimbra Viera, “The Role of Migration in Shaping Cultural Proximity across Countries: Evidence from Facebook Data on National Cuisines”

Nicoletta D’Angelo, “Spatio-Temporal Linear Network Point Processes for GPS Data Analysis”

Tom Emery, “Constructing a network of the whole population using registry data”

Jisu Kim, “Home and destination attachment: study of cultural integration on Twitter”

Ryohei Mogi, “Alternative approaches to estimate area-specific population growth rate using mobile spatial data in Japan and its applications to political science”

Emmanuel Olamijuwon, “Sexual health promotion in the digital age”

Danny Paganin, “Statistics in the football analytics: a hierarchical model for the probability of scoring a goal”

Gusta Watchter, “Homogamy and Convergence Theory Revised: The Dissolution of Cohabiting Unions among Second-Generation Carribeans”

Xinyi Zhao, “The interplay between scholarly migration, gender, career stages, and citations: evidence on German-affiliated researchers from 8 million Scopus publications”